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Bono was born and raised in Dublin , Ireland. He attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School where he met his future wife, Alison Stewart , as well as schoolmates with whom he founded U2 in His lyrics are known for their social and political themes, and for their religious imagery inspired by his Christian beliefs.
Bono is widely known for his activism for social justice causes, both through U2 and as an individual. In , Bono was named one of the Time Persons of the Year. Outside the band, he has recorded with numerous artists. He is Managing Director and a Managing Partner of the private equity firm Elevation Partners , which has invested in several companies.
Bono was born in the Rotunda Hospital , Dublin, on 10 May He went to the local primary Glasnevin National School. During his childhood and adolescence, Bono and his friends were part of a surrealist street gang called "Lypton Village". Bono met one of his closest friends, Guggi , in Lypton Village.
Bono had several names: It is said he was nicknamed "Bono Vox" by his friend Gavin Friday. He initially disliked the name; however, when he learned it translated to "good voice", he accepted it. Hewson has been known as "Bono" since the late s.
Although he uses Bono as his stage name, close family and friends also refer to him as Bono, including fellow band members.
After he left school, his father Bob Hewson, told him he could live at home for one year but if he was not able to pay his own way, he would have to leave the house. Bono is almost never seen in public without sunglasses, as he suffers from glaucoma. If somebody takes my photograph, I will see the flash for the rest of the day. My right eye swells up. I've a blockage there, so that my eyes go red a lot. So it's part vanity, it's part privacy and part sensitivity.
Jobs had renovated it for his own use, but never moved in. In May , Bono suffered a spinal injury while preparing for a U2 tour, and was taken to a German clinic in Munich for emergency neurosurgery. Bono was named one of the 17 Irish artists to be proud of by the Irish Post on 9 April Bono's work as an activist, which is due largely to his Christian beliefs,  began in earnest when, inspired by Live Aid , he travelled to Ethiopia to work in a feeding camp with his wife Alison and the charity World Vision , an Evangelical Christian humanitarian aid, development, and advocacy organisation.
On 16 November , Bono was involved in a "high energy bicycle accident" when he attempted to avoid another rider. Bono suffered fractures of the shoulder blade, humerus, orbit and pinky finger. Orthopedic trauma surgeon Dean Lorich, MD, stated that "[Bono] was taken urgently to the operating room The band had occasional jam sessions in which they did covers of other bands.
The band went by the name "Feedback" for a few months, before changing to "The Hype" later on. After Dik Evans left the group to join another local band, the Virgin Prunes , the remaining four officially changed the name from "The Hype" to " U2 ".
Initially Bono sang, played guitar and wrote the band's songs. He said of his early guitar playing in a interview, "When we started out I was the guitar player, along with the Edge—except I couldn't play guitar. I was such a lousy guitar player that one day they broke it to me that maybe I should sing instead. I had tried before, but I had no voice at all.
I remember the day I found I could sing. I said, 'Oh, that's how you do it. As of , Bono has taken piano lessons from his children's piano teacher as a means to improve his songwriting. Bono writes the lyrics for almost all U2 songs, which are often have social and political themes. U2's sound and focus dramatically changed with their album, Achtung Baby. Bono's lyrics became more personal, inspired by experiences related to the private lives of the members of the band. MacPhisto", a combination of a corrupted rock star and the Devil.
During performances he attempts to interact with the crowd as often as possible and is known for pulling audience members onto the stage or moving himself down to the physical level of the audience. In , the U2 band members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame , in their first year of eligibility.
U2 were criticised in for moving part of their multimillion-euro song catalogue from Ireland to Amsterdam six months before Ireland ended a tax exemption on musicians' royalties.
Bono and the Edge also wrote the music and lyrics for the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. Bono has become one of the world's best-known philanthropic performers and was named the most politically effective celebrity of all time by the National Journal. In a interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Bono explained that he was motivated to become involved in social and political causes by seeing one of the Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows, staged by John Cleese and producer Martin Lewis for the human-rights organisation Amnesty International in It sowed a seed In , Bono arranged for U2 to videotape a special live performance for that year's Amnesty benefit show.
Since , Bono has become increasingly involved in campaigning for third-world debt relief and raising awareness of the plight of Africa, including the AIDS pandemic.
In the past decade Bono has met with several influential politicians, including former United States President George W. This must happen urgently, because this is a crisis. O'Neill on a four-country tour of Africa. Bono attended the conference, which was held in June We would never have gotten the debts of 23 countries completely cancelled without him. In a speech containing biblical references, Bono encouraged the care of the socially and economically depressed.
His comments included a call for an extra one percent tithe of the United States' national budget. He brought his Christian views into harmony with other faiths by noting that Christian, Jewish, and Muslim writings all call for the care of the widow, orphan, and stranger. President Bush received praise from the singer-activist for the United States' increase in aid for the African continent.
Bono continued by saying much work is left to be done to be a part of God's ongoing purposes. Kipling's The White Man's Burden that criticised stars such as Bono, Brad Pitt , and Angelina Jolie , labelling them as " mythomaniacs , people who wish to convince the world of their worth.
When trade laws prevent you from selling the food you grew, you are not free When you are a monk in Burma this very week, barred from entering a temple because of your gospel of peace Bono was a special guest editor of the July issue of Vanity Fair magazine.
The issue was named "The Africa Issue: Each one showcased in the issue for their contributions to the humanitarian relief in Africa. Revenue from the Vertigo tour is funnelled through companies that are mostly registered in Ireland and structured to minimise taxes.
Further criticism came in November , when Bono's various charity campaigns were targeted by Jobs Selasie, head of African Aid Action. Selasie claimed that these charities had increased corruption and dependency in Africa because they failed to work with African entrepreneurs and grassroots organisations, and as a result, Africa has become more dependent on international handouts.
A lot of them wouldn't know what to do if they were on the field. They're the party who will always be in opposition so they'll never have to take responsibility for decisions because they know they'll never be able to implement them. In , Glamour named him "Man of the Year", breaking the year tradition that saw the "Woman of the Year" accolade reserved only for women. Bono was recognized for establishing a campaign called "Poverty is Sexist," which is "specifically aimed at helping the world's poorest women".
In , Bono, along with the Edge, bought and refurbished Dublin's two-star bedroom Clarence Hotel , and converted it into a five-star bedroom hotel. They also worked on the score for the rock musical Spider-Man: Rock and roll is truly a broad church, but each lights a candle to their vision of what it is.
Bono is on the board of the Elevation Partners private-equity firm, which attempted to purchase Eidos Interactive in and has since gone on to invest in other entertainment businesses. Elevation Partners became the first outsider to invest in the company, taking a minority stake in Forbes Media LLC, a new company encompassing the year-old business which includes Forbes magazine, the Forbes.
Bono was among those cited in the Paradise Papers for dubious tax avoidance practices. He was alleged to employ a network of off shore shell companies to avoid taxes. As of November , one of these companies is under investigation by the Lithuanian tax authority VMI for improperly reporting its profits on the purchase of a shopping center thereby avoiding tax payments. In addition to his acting credits Bono has contributed music to films, as part of U2 and other collaborations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bono disambiguation. Bono performing on the Joshua Tree Tour in Indianapolis. Musician singer-songwriter venture capitalist businessman philanthropist. Bono's got the soul of an ancient poet and you have to be careful around him.
He can roar 'till the earth shakes. He's also a closet philosopher For U2 concert releases and music videos, see U2 videography. Ireland portal Biography portal U2 portal. Retrieved 5 September A Global Rock Star and Activist". Retrieved 22 September Retrieved 3 May Conversations with Michka Assayas.